Glossary skill development

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There are currently 29 names in this directory beginning with the letter S.

SANKALP - Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion is committed for developing an employment route for Indian job seekers, especially covering a large scale unskilled population. Arun Jaitley, inaugurating his budget speech on 1st Feb confirmed the concern of making India, an employment driven economy by planning a major share of govt expenditure to skill development.He also quoted to assure more funds to employment programs like Sankalp “Skill Acquisition & Knowledge Awareness Program ” to provide market training to more than 3.5 Cr youth and helping them for generating self employment opportunities. Learn more:

SCERT -State Council of Educational Research and Training, is an autonomous body of the Government of Delhi. It is a nodal agency recognized by the National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) for admission, curriculum construction, course conduct, guidance, examination and certification of pre-service training programme in the area of pre-primary teacher education and elementary education.SCERT currently affiliates 2 pre-service teacher education programme for undergraduate students, SCERT is responsible for preparing the curriculum, prescribing syllabi, course of study. Learn more:,_Delhi

SCGJ - Skill Council for Green Jobs is one of the most recently launched initiatives of the Government of India aligned to the National Skill Development Mission. It is promoted by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). The inception of the SCGJ was approved in the 10th meeting of National Skill Qualifications Committee held on 28th September 2015. Established as a non profit, autonomous, industry-led society, the SCGJ was established under the Societies Registration Act XXI, 1860 on 1st October, 2015. To recognize skilling needs of service users as well as manufacturers/ service providers, within Green Businesses sector, and implement nationwide, Industry led, collaborative skills development & entrepreneur development initiatives that will enable meet India’s potential for “Green Businesses”.Green jobs are decent jobs that contribute to preservation of the environment, be they in traditional sectors such as manufacturing and construction, or in new, emerging green sectors such as renewable energy and energy efficiency.

SCMS - The Skill Council for Mining Sector (SCMS) funded by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) and promoted by the Federation of Indian Mineral Industries is a Non-Profit Organization, registered under Section 25 of the companies Act. 1956. SCMS is a top body for skill development in the mining sector. The important task will be to develop skill competency standards and qualifications, benchmarking it with international standards and to work with the mining industry to train existing workforce and new trainees to fulfill the skill shortage in the industry in PPP mode. The Skill Council for Mining Sector will see and promote skill development and vocational education in the mining sector in accordance with the objectives of the National Skill Development Corporation and contribute to human capital development of the nation to achieve inclusive growth. Learn more:

SCPwD - The Skill Council for Persons with Disability is a dynamic and evolving organisation which was established in October 2015 to offer Persons with Disabilities meaningful, industry relevant, skill based training.The Organization is aided by Confederation of Indian Industry under the backing of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. It’s main goal is to offer skill development to People with Disabilities as per industry needs which can help them to be gainfully employed and contribute to India’s growing economy.All initiatives taken by SCPwD empowering PwD (Persons with Disability), move towards formulating local and national level strategies for shaping the future of PwD in India. From the beginning, there are several projects which have been undertaken by the council since its inception. One among the recent is the collaboration with Glasgow Kelvin College, Scotland under UK-India Education and Research Institute (UKIERI) to benchmark standards between India and Scotland in the area of Disability.

SDG -Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as Global Goals are a collection of 17 global goals set by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015.The SDGs cover social and economic development issues including poverty, hunger, health, education, global warming, gender equality, water, sanitation, energy, urbanization, environment and social justice.The SDGs are part of Resolution 70/1 of the United Nations General Assembly:"Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development." That has been shortened to "2030 Agenda."The goals are interdependent and each goal has a separate list of targets to achieve. A total of 169 targets has to be achieved in order to accomplish all 17 goals. Learn more:

SDI (Skill Development Institute - Visakhapatnam) is a good example of how Public Sector Units (PSU) in India have taken initiatives in contributing to Skill India Mission by offering many skill-based training courses.We’ve aligned ourselves with Skill India mission and as per directives from Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Skill Development Institutes were set up across the country to cater to the skilling requirements in the Hydrocarbon sector. Six SDIs have been set up, which are located in Visakhapatnam, Bhubaneswar, Kochi, Ahmedabad, Rae Bareilly and Guwahati. Oil & Gas PSUs are promoting these SDIs. Learn more:

SDI - Skill Development Initiative KEY FEATURES OF THE SCHEME :
The Skill Development Initiative Scheme is 100 % centrally sponsored scheme. Demand-driven Short term training courses based on Modular Employable Skills decided in consultation with Industry. Central Government facilitates and promotes training while State Governments, private sector and industry provide training to the persons. Optimum utilization of existing infrastructure available to made training cost-effective. Courses are available for persons having completed 5th standard and onwards. Testing of skills of trainees by independent assessing bodies, including industry organizations such as FICCI, CII, etc. which do not involve in training delivery, to ensure an impartial assessment by the employer itself. Flexible delivery mechanism (part time, weekends, full time). Different levels of programmes (Foundation level as well as skill up gradation) to meet demands of various target groups Training is provided by registered Vocational Training Providers (VTPs) under the Govt., Private Sector and Industrial establishments. Testing of skills of an individual acquired informally in competency and issue of certificate on qualifying it successfully. The certification by NCVT which is recognised nationally and internationally for gainful employment. During XI Plan period (2007-2012), against an approved outlay of Rs.550 crore, an amount of Rs.407 crore was spent and 13.67 lakh persons were trained or directly tested under the scheme. Cabinet Committee on Skill Development has approved the continuation of SDIS for XII Plan period with certain changes on 13.08.2013. Existing skills of the persons can also be tested and certified under this scheme. The on-line implementation of the SDI Scheme through the Web-Portal has been launched since 1st January, 2012. Learn more:

SDMS - Skill Development Management System was originally designed as a transaction processing system to support the core mandate of the NSDC of investing in scalable, high quality, vocational training initiatives. The SDMS architecture, hence, was developed as a training provider-centric solution to manage and monitor NSDC investments that were limited to a few hundred training providers. With the broadening of NSDC’s mandate to implement the PMKVY through its own training partners, as well as the training partners of the SSCs, the SDMS was expanded in scope to work with candidate-level information of millions of candidates and a strong emphasis on certification of the training experience. Learn more:

Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), Govt. of India has launched SFURTI scheme in the year 2005 with the view to promote Cluster development. This is Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries. As per revised guideline some other schemes are merged under this scheme. Learn more

SHGs. Self Help Groups are mainly aimed at empowering women through economic independence through solving each other problems. They are also encouraged to maintain small savings and take up self-employment.

SIATI -Society of Indian Aerospace Technologies and Industries (SIATI) was founded to bring together the various industries, R&D and other organizations in the country engaged in the field of aerospace on a common platform to provide interaction among themselves as well as with overseas industries/ organizations to enhance growth opportunities for all. SIATI, an important ‘Gateway’ to Indian Aerospace business and Global co-operation for tie-up in R&D, Technology, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, Co-productions and information-exchange.Our mission is the growth of aerospace infrastructure and capabilities in India, creating useful interaction among Indian and International aerospace industries, R&D, academia, Quality and Regulatory agencies for development and production of aircraft materials, components, structures, equipments and systems, enhancing private industry participation with special focus on SMEs and international cooperation for the benefit of all concerned, developing global opportunities, greater employment, wealth and welfare. Learn more:

Skill Gap
Skill Gap - A skill gap is a gap between what employers want or need their employees to be able to do, and what those employees can actually do when they walk into work.Skill Gap is the difference in the skills required on the job and the actual skills possessed by the employees. Skill gap presents an opportunity for the company and the employee to identify the missing skills and try to gain them.Employees are recruited by companies to work on fulfilling company objectives. Hence, people with the correct skill sets are recruited by companies. However, often it happens that employees lack certain knowledge & training which creates a skill gap. Because of this the employee is unable to perform the complete job.Employees are recruited by companies to work on fulfilling company objectives. Skill Gap Analysis Identifying skill gaps is essential for the companies to ensure that the workforce is well trained, knowledgeable & better equipped to perform the job. An Employee Skill Gap analysis helps achieve the following objectives: 1. Helps one refine and define skills the agency needs, now and in the future 2.Make employees aware about the critical skills they’ll need to grow 3. Helps in recruiting efforts when current employees don’t have the skills or the interest In terms of banking, an example of a skill gap could be if an employee lacked the ability to cash government bonds. Learn more:

Skill India
Skill India : Skill India is a campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 15 July 2015 which aim to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022. It includes various initiatives of the government like "National Skill Development Mission", "National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015", "Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)" and the "Skill Loan scheme".Learn more:

Skill Loan Scheme

Skills on Wheels
Skills on Wheels Telangana Academy for Skill and Knowledge (TASK) in association with the Steinbeis Academy for Advanced Technology Training & Entrepreneurship, India is conducting a One Month Solar Panel Installation Technician Course across Telangana and starting from Warangal in June 2018 followed by Siddipet, Karimnagar, Adilabad and other districts. This is a Telangana Government’s Initiative to enhance skills of youth in the renewable energy space for future. Steinbeis Academy for Advanced Technology Training & Entrepreneurship, India is one of the largest Training Institute in India providing Solar PV Trainings with International Certifications like Steinbeis (Germany) and Galileo (from European Energy Centre UK), as well as working in partnership with Sector Skill Councils – Electronics Sector Skills Council and Skill Council for Green Jobs, as well as Telangana Skills and Knowledge Academy, Govt. Of Telangana. The Steinbeis Academy for Advanced Technology Training & Entrepreneurship, India also has an active Placement Cell which organizes counselling and placement for the students. Course Overview: Electrical Basics Solar Panels and Power Plant Components Installation of Off Grid and On Grid SPV Plant Earthing & Safety Site Survey, Maintenance and Troubleshooting Soft Skills The course of study provides industry-relevant learning content to enhance and sharpen the required skills among the underprivileged youth / unemployed to provide opportunities for employment in the fast-growing solar sector at a highly subsidized cost of Rs.500/-. Basic eligibility for enrolment to this course are: Age between 18 - 35 years Minimum educational qualification of X class Learn more:

SMART- Skill Management And Accreditation of Training Centre provides a single window IT application that focuses on the Accreditation, Affiliation and Continuous Monitoring of the Training Centres (TC) in the Skill Ecosystem and intends to address the important issues like evaluating skill providers in an objective manner, fostering excellence in Training Centres, enabling trainees to make informed choices with regard to Training Centres etc. SMART aims at convergence of efforts of all the stakeholders in the skill ecosystem in providing the standardized infrastructure. Learn more:

SME - Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) or small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) are businesses whose personnel numbers fall below certain limits. The abbreviation " SME" is used by international organizations such as the World Bank, the United Nations and the World Trade Organization (WTO). SMEs are important for economic and social reasons, given the sectors role in employment. Due to their sizes, SME are heavily influenced by their Chief Executive Officers, CEOs. The CEOs of SMEs often are the founders, owners, and manager of the SMEs. Learn more:

SMSSC - The Strategic Manufacturing Sector Skill Council (SMSSC) is established under the Societies Act. The Council has the backing of the Ministry of Skills Development Entrepreneurship (MSDE), Govt of India and National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) & assisted by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). The SMSSC will help establish a trained workforce for defence equipment manufacturing, shipbuilding and repair, homeland security equipment and safety and fire fighting & safety equipment.Availability of engineers and skilled personnel is among the biggest challenges for the strategic manufacturing sector .The sector requires high precision levels and the current training infrastructure is insufficient to create the required skilled manpower base.In order to accomplish this, all the stakeholders will have to work collectively. India will need approximately 18 lakh technically highly-skilled, skilled and semi-skilled workers for the sector over the next decade.The SMSSC has been initiated to address this requirement and to function as the interface between the Industry and the MSDE in the Strategic Manufacturing Sector. The SMSSC will also keep track of the labour market, identify skill gaps, frame national occupational standards, ensure adequate availability of faculty, build accreditation and certification mechanisms and encourage framing capacity building through private sector participation. Learn more:

Social Enterprise
SOCIAL ENTERPRISE -A social enterprise is an establishment that applies commercial strategies to boost, enhance and achieve desired improvements in financial, social and environmental well- being—this may include maximizing social impact alongside profits for external shareholders. Social enterprises can be structured as a for-profit or non-profit, and may take the form (depending on in which country the entity exists and the legal forms available) of a co-operative, mutual organization, a disregarded entity, a social business, a benefit corporation, a community interest company, a company limited by guarantee or a charity organization. They can also take more conventional structures. Learn more:

Social security
Social security is "any government system that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income. In the United States, this is usually called welfare or a social safety net, especially when talking about Canada and European countries.This policy is usually applied through various programs designed to provide a population with income at times when they are unable to care for themselves Learn more:

SSA-Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is an Education for All Movement.It is an Indian Government programme aimed at the universalisation of elementary education "in a time bound manner", as mandated by the 86th Amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory education to children between the ages of 7 to 14.Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is a programme for Universal Elementary Education. This programme is also an attempt to provide an opportunity for improving human capabilities to all children through provision of community -owned quality education in a mission mode. It is a response to the demand for quality basic education all over the country. Learn more:

SSC - Sector Skill Council are bodies led by the industry , who would be responsible for defining the skilling ,needs , concept, process , certification , accreditation of their respective industry sectors . The SSC advises the National Occupational Standards ( NOS ) and Qualification Packs ( QPs) for the job roles relevant to their industry and ensure that there are in accordance with the National Skills Qualification Framework ( NSQF ) . Hence they are tasked with developing a robust training delivery mechanism that follows international standards and quality parameters . As autonomous bodies , they front -end various activities and take measures to identify and close skills gaps.

SSDMs - At the state level, primary responsibility for Program delivery lies with the state governments. The State Skill Development Mission (SSDM ) is housed in the nodal department ,implementing the program in the state. The state mission supervises implementation of the Program at the district level, facilitates convergence with other departments, ensures preparation of the DSDP ( District And State Level Skill Development Plans ) for each district, and monitors state performance against SIG criteria.

SSOU -Symbiosis Open Education Society is taking the initiative of taking Skill India forward.It has pioneered Maharashtra’s first Skill Development University called the Symbiosis Skills and Open University at Kiwale, Pune. It has specialised laboratories, workshops and center of excellence having specialised skill training equipment and machines. The University will offer Certificates, Diplomas and Degree programs in high growth sectors such as Automobile, Construction, Mechatronics, Architecture, Retail, Ports & Terminal Management, Beauty & Wellness etc. with multi entry exit and credit banking options. The main aim of the University is to create ‘industry ready’ youth who can be gainfully employed upon completion of their courses.The innovative model of the University gives entry to all, enabling those from both the formal as well as informal systems to acquire education and skills. Learn more:

SSSC - The objective of setting up Sports Skill Council is to bring together the efforts of the Sports sector for employable workforce development and Institutional Capacity Building of the existing training providers. Sports, Physical Education, Fitness and Leisure Skill Council (SPEFL-SC) will balance the existing education system for the Sports and Physical Education in meeting the entire value chains requirements of appropriately trained manpower in quantity and quality across all levels on a sustained and evolving basis. To Develop a skills repository for the Sports Sector. Conduct extensive mappings for the Sports sector to recognise, initiate and address the skills gaps in the sector especially for the grassroots sports promotion which will supply medal prospects for the future. Establish a well structured sector specific Labour Market Information System (LMIS) which supports the skills training planning and execution.Develop opportunities for Training of Trainers in both the content and pedagogy for imparting the skills trainings in close coordination with employers.Quality Assurance:a) Develop and promote a standardized, output oriented and quality assured affiliation and accreditation process.b) Focus on improving the training delivery value chain, i.e training process, training of trainers, curriculum design, industry endorsement for certification etc.

Startup India
Startup India:Startup India is a flagship initiative of the Government of India, intended to build a strong ecosystem that is conducive for the growth of startup businesses, to drive sustainable economic growth and generate large scale employment opportunities. The Government through this initiative aims to empower startups to grow through innovation and design.Learn more:

STEM - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), previously Science, Math, Engineering and Technology (SMET), is a term used to group together these academic disciplines. This term is typically used when addressing education policy and curriculum choices in schools to improve competitiveness in science and technology development. It has implications for workforce development, national security concerns and immigration policy. Learn more:,_technology,_engineering,_and_mathematics

STRIVE - The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved two World Bank supported schemes Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) and Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) to boost Skill India Mission. STRIVE scheme will motivate ITIs to improve their all around performance inclusive of apprenticeship by involving SMEs (Small Scale Enterprises), business association and industry clusters. It will develop robust mechanism for delivering quality skill development training by strengthening institutions- National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs), Sector Skill Councils, ITIs and National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) etc. It will assist universalization of National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) including National Quality Assurance Framework ( NQAF ) across skill development schemes. It will provide required push to National Skill Development Mission 2015 and its various sub missions. It is also aligned to flagship Government programs such as Make in India and Swachhta Abhiyan. Learn more:

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