Glossary skill development

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There are currently 20 names in this directory beginning with the letter I.

IASC - Instrumentation Automation Surveillance & Communication Sector Skill Council is an Autonomous Industry .It’s a Non- Profit Organization under the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, Government of India. IASC SSC’s role is to pinpoint and develop Skill Manpower Development Plan for the Instrumentation, Automation, Surveillance and Communication sectors,certify Skilled Manpower under NSQF,identify & accredit Training Providers & Assessors for the various courses.The main objectives are to empower existing manpower by certification under Recognition of Prior Learning Scheme,undertake Skill Gap analysis, manpower mapping and research and development of robust Human Capital Market Information Systems. Learn more:

ICAR -The Indian Council of Agricultural Research is an autonomous body responsible for coordinating agricultural education and research in India.It is the largest network of agricultural research and education institutes in the world.Milestones: As of July, 2006 it has developed a vaccine against bird flu. The vaccine was developed at the High Security Animal Disease Laboratory, Bhopal, the only facility in the country to conduct tests for the H5N1 variant of bird flu.It was entrusted with the task of developing a vaccine by the ICAR after the Avian Influenza outbreak in February. The ICAR was provided Rs. 8 crore for the purpose. Learn more:

ICRISAT - The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is an international organization which conducts agricultural research for rural development, headquartered in Patancheru (Hyderabad, Telangana, India).Since its inception, host country India has granted a special status to ICRISAT as a UN Organization operating in the Indian territory making it eligible for special immunities and tax privileges.CRISAT adopts Integrated genetic and natural resources management as its overarching research strategy. The aim is to combine tested methods of crop commodity research with well established practices in research in natural resources management. The original goal was to use crop improvement research as the basis to improve food availability in drought-prone areas of the tropics. In the last ten years, ICRISAT research, especially in India, China, the Philippines and Vietnam, has tended to emphasise creation and sustenance of rural livelihoods in addition to releasing crop varieties that yield better. Learn more:

ICT (Information and Communication Technology) is an extensional term for information technology (IT) that stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications ( telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.The term ICT is also used to refer to the convergence of audio-visual and telephone networks with computer networks through a single cabling or link system. There are large economic incentives (huge cost savings due to elimination of the telephone network) to merge the telephone network with the computer network system using a single unified system of cabling, signal distribution and management. Learn more:

The Indo-German programme for Vocational Education and Training (IGVET) More than 250 million young people are expected to join the Indian labour market in the next 15 years. At the same time, India’s ambition to become a globally leading manufacturing hub requires sufficient, qualified workers. The current vocational education and training (VET) system however does not deliver a workforce of adequate quality and quantity, causing a shortage of skilled workers that threatens to undermine efforts of the industry to innovate and to enhance productivity. Acknowledging the advantages of the German VET model, the Ministry for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has signed an implementation agreement with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), to jointly implement the Indo-German Programme for Vocational Education and Training (IGVET). The objective of IGVET is to bring the actors of the public and private sectors together to jointly achieve conditions conducive to developing and improving a cooperative, workplace-based VET system. Following a cluster approach, the IGVET provides advisory services and guidance to local business membership associations to pilot high-quality, cooperative, workplace-based VET programmes in selected industries and locations. Based on this on-the-ground experience, replicable models for cooperative VET would be documented and reform recommendations derived. As of now, the IGVET is present in three industrial clusters: the energy efficient construction cluster in Bhiwadi, Rajasthan, the electronics and manufacturing cluster in Bangalore, Karnataka and the automotive components cluster in Aurangabad, Maharashtra.

IIS Indian Institute of Skills - The government approved a scheme for setting up of Indian Institute of Skills (IISs) at different locations across the country in public private partnership (PPP). The setting up of IISs would augment the global competitiveness of key sectors of Indian economy by providing high quality skill training, applied research education and a direct and meaningful connection with industry .It will provide opportunity to aspiring youth across the country to have access to highly skilled training, and enhance the scope of accountability through its linkage with industry and global competitiveness across sectors.

IISC - India International Skill Centre was set-up through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) and implements skill training programmes under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) and Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY).This was established for assisting young people who search for global mobility for jobs. IISC has already set-up 15 centres in the country and is planning to establish 50 more centres.IISC offers training and certification programmes to those people who intends to opt overseas jobs.This is a fruitful initiative in the Skills Sector as this will manage the global labour shortage problems in a huge manner. Also, government will be able to create a group of skilled people who could leverage the overseas employment options.

IISSSC - Indian Iron and Steel Sector Skill Council is a (Iron & Steel, Re Rolling, Sponge Iron units, Ferro Alloys, Steel Construction and Welding) non-profit organization established under the Indian Companies Act, 1956. IISSSC is developed by Institute for Steel Development & Growth (INSDAG) and Bengal Chambers of Commerce & Industry (BCCI) and mandated under National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). IISSSC is dedicated to develop world class skilled manpower for the Iron & Steel Industry. Learn more:

ILO - The International Labour Organization (ILO), which will mark its centenary in 2019, is a United Nations organisation dealing with labour issues, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all. The International Labour Organization has developed a system of international labour standards aimed at promoting opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work, in conditions of freedom, equity, security and dignity. India, a Founding Member of the ILO, has been a permanent member of the ILO Governing Body since 1922. The first ILO Office in India started in 1928.

Impact Assessment
Impact Assessment - Policy Impact Assessments (IAs) are formal, evidence-based procedures that assess the economic, social, and environmental effects of public policy.[1] They have been incorporated into policy making in the OECD countries and the European Commission. Key types of impact assessments include global assessments (global level), policy impact assessment (policy level), strategic environmental assessment (programme and plan level), and environmental impact assessment (project level). Impact assessments can focus on specific themes, such as social impact assessments and gender impact assessments. Learn more:

Impact Investing
Impact investing's main objective is to generate specific beneficial social or environmental effects in addition to monetary gain.The term "impact investing" was first coined in 2007, although the application developed over the years beforehand. The primary goal of impact investing is to help reduce the negative effects of business activity on the social environment, and it can be considered as an extension of philanthropy. Impact investing is a subgroup of socially responsible investing (SRI), but while the definition of socially responsible investing encompasses avoidance of harm, impact investing actively seeks to make a positive impact by investing, for example, in nonprofits that avail the community or in clean technology enterprises.Impact investors actively seek to place capital in businesses, nonprofits, and funds in industries such as renewable energy, basic services including housing, healthcare, and education, microfinance, and sustainable agriculture.

Industrial Relations
Industrial relations or employment relations is the multidisciplinary academic field that studies the employment relationship; that is, the intricate interrelations between employers and employees, labour/ trade unions, employer organizations and the state.The newer name, "employment relations" is increasingly taking precedence because "industrial relations" is often seen to have relatively narrow connotations. Nevertheless, Industrial Relations has often been concerned with employment relationships in the vast sense, including "non-industrial" employment relationships. This is sometimes seen as paralleling trend in the separate but related disciple of human resource management. In recent times, industrial relations has been in decline as a field, in correlation with the decline in importance of trade unions and also with the increasing preference of business schools for the human resource management paradigm.Industrial relations has three faces: science building, problem solving, and ethical.

Industry 4.0
Industry 4.0 is a name given to the current trend of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies. It includes cyber-physical systems, the Internet of things, cloud computing and cognitive computing. Industry 4.0 is commonly referred to as the fourth industrial revolution.Industry 4.0 fosters what has been called a "smart factory". Within modular structured smart factories, cyber-physical systems monitor physical processes, create a virtual copy of the physical world and make decentralized decisions. Over the Internet of Things, cyber-physical systems communicate and cooperate with each other and with humans in real-time both internally and across organizational services offered and used by participants of the value chain. Learn more:

Informal Economy
Informal Economy ( or unorganized economy )-The informal sector, informal economy, or grey economy is the part of an economy that is neither taxed nor monitored by any form of government. Unlike the formal economy, activities of the informal economy are not included in a country's gross national product (GNP) or gross domestic product (GDP). The informal sector can be described as a grey market in labour.Other concepts that can be characterized as informal sector can include the black market (shadow economy, underground economy), agorism, and System D. Associated idioms include "under the table", "off the books", and "working for cash".Although the informal sector makes up a significant portion of the economies in developing countries, it is often stigmatized as troublesome and unmanageable. However, the informal sector provides critical economic opportunities for the poor and has been expanding rapidly since the 1960s. Integrating the informal economy into the formal sector is an important policy challenge. Learn more:

Intern - A student or trainee who works, sometimes without pay, in order to gain work experience or satisfy requirements for a qualification.An advanced student or graduate usually in a professional field (such as medicine or teaching) gaining supervised practical experience (as in a hospital or classroom).

INTERNSHIP - An internship is a period of work experience offered by an organization for a limited period of time.Once confined to medical graduates, the term is now used for a wide range of placements within businesses, non-profit organizations and government agencies. They are typically undertaken by students and graduates looking to gain relevant skills and experience in a particular field. Employers benefit from these placements because they often recruit employees from their best interns, who have known capabilities, thus saving time and money in the long run.Internships for professional careers are similar in some ways, but not as rigorous as apprenticeships for professions, trade, and vocational jobs.[2] The lack of standardization and oversight leaves the term "internship" open to broad interpretation. Interns may be high school students, college and university students, or postgraduate adults. These positions may be paid or unpaid and are temporary.Typically, an internship consists of an exchange of services for experience between the intern and the organization. Internships are used to determine if the intern still has an interest in that field after the real-life experience. In addition, an internship can be used to create a professional network that can assist with letters of recommendation or lead to future employment opportunities. The benefit of bringing an intern into full-time employment is that they are already familiar with the company, their position, and they typically need little to no training. Internships provide current college students the ability to participate in a field of their choice to receive hands on learning about a particular future career, preparing them for full-time work following graduation. Learn more:

IOM - Established in 1951, IOM is the chief inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners., IOM is committed to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It does so by providing services and advice to governments and migrants.IOM works to ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to aid in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people.The IOM Constitution recognizes the link between migration and economic, social and cultural development, as well as to the right of freedom of movement.IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management: Migration and development Facilitating migration Regulating migration Forced migration. IOM activities that cut across these areas include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants' rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration.IOM was born in 1951 out of the chaos and displacement of Western Europe following the Second World War. It was first known as the Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Migrants from Europe (PICMME). Mandated to help European governments to identify resettlement countries for the estimated 11 million people uprooted by the war, it arranged transport for nearly a million migrants during the 1950s.

PSC - Indian Plumbing Skills Council is a company established under Section 25 of the Indian Companies Act 1956 . The IPSC acts as an accrediting and certifying body and works to fill the gap of skilled and unskilled labour in India.IPSC is playing a major role in vocational training of plumbers, providing recognition and certification to plumbers in accordance to National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) to make skilled manpower available for the Plumbing Industry from the entry level upto level 10 i.e. Ph.D (Doctorate). Learn more:

ITI - Industrial Training Institute (ITI) is a government training institute which provides training in engineering and non-engineering technical fields. It was formed under Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGET), Ministry of Labour & Employment, Union Government of India. It provides training for various industries Like Mechanical, Electronics, Information Technologies, Fabrication, Automobile, Diesel Mechanics, Lift Mechanics, Computer Software, Sheet metal, Electrical, Plumbing, Wire man etc.

IToTs - ( Institutes for Training of Trainers ) Currently instructors are coached under the Craft Instructor Training Scheme (CITS) in the field institutes of DGT. As on date field institutes of DGT (1 CTI, 5 ATIs, 1 NVTI & 12 RVTIs) have facility for imparting the instructor training in 27 trades (59 modules) out of 121 trades. The gross capacity of these institutes is around 1600 instructors per annum including Instructor training imparted in NVTI and RVTIs to women trainee instructors where the gross annual capacity is around 500 (out of 1600).

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